WHAT IS OMEGA-3?
The body needs omega-3 to function optimally
What is Omega-3?
Omega-3 are essential fatty acids that are necessary for optimal functioning of the body and thereby contributes to good health. Essential in this context means that they are not produced by the body and must be obtain from our diet. The omega-3 fatty acids are especially important for the brain, heart and vision.
Different types of Omega-3 fatty acids
We divide omega-3 into vegetable and marine omega-3. Sources for vegetable omega-3 fatty acids (ALA) are nuts, seeds and plant oils i.e. walnuts, chia seeds, flax seed oil. We obtain the marine omega-3 fatty acids EPA, DHA and DPA from fish and seafood.
In particular, the marine omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA have proven to be beneficial to health. These fatty acids are found in all cells of the body and play an important role in healthy cell functioning. The body is able to convert ALA into EPA and DHA but this process is very inefficient and thereby the conversion very limited.
There is lot of research on omega-3 internationally and many studies highlights the importance of securing sufficient omega-3 through the diet. Based on today’s knowledge, Norwegian and Nordic health authorities recommend a daily intake of at least 1-2 grams of omega-3 fatty acids every day. The official Norwegian dietary advice is to eat fish 2 to 3 times a week, whereof, 200g should be fatty fish particularly rich in omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA.
Despite an increased focus on the important role of omega-3 in the diet, we often do not get enough of these essential fatty acids through our normal diet. A teaspoon of cod liver oil daily will meet the need.
To read more about the role of omega-3 fatty acids for the various body functions see below articles.